End Racial Inequality

End Racial Inequality

End Racial Inequality

Changes in Society and Politics to End Racial Inequality

            Racial inequality has occupied most headlines in social criticism than any other problem in society from the modern era. Nonetheless, inequality as a social phenomenon has been depicted in all cultures from ancient times. Minority tribes and communities with weaker social and political organization were often annexed and captured by advanced societies as slaves. Despite massive changes during the era of the industrial revolution and the scientific revolutions that have followed, inequality remains a permanent emblem of human society in the bigger picture. To end racial inequality and the other variants perpetuated by race or tribal distinction, massive economic and social innovation and programs have to be initiated in society. Inequality naturally occurs because people are endowed with different abilities and dispositions, and the communities in which they live thrive on very distinct social and political processes. Therefore, to alleviate all forms of inequality, massive geographic planning, and control, as well as social engineering of a supreme kind, must be executed by a central universal government to avert disproportionate progress. 

            Inequality is best measured by the Gini coefficient or index, which is a statistical measure of dispersion of income and wealth distribution. On this platform, zero represents a situation of perfect equality of all distributions of the characteristic and 1 or (100%) express a state of maximum imperfect comparison (inequality) (Diaz-Bazan, 2015). Although wealth is a critical aspect of inequality because of the systems of an industrial economy, other factors like consumption choices and saving are generative processes of wealth growth or decline, which hamper the state of inequality in a society. If low-income people can cultivate more saving and austerity in their financial conduct, gradually there can yield wealth and make an upward ascent in the social structure of their societies. Progressive ideas have been tried by many countries that lifted their people out of poverty to higher levels of development generally appreciated as advanced economies. In this view, substantive inequality is closely tied to the level of poverty and human suffering in society. Developed nations may be relatively equal or unequal, but the political challenges of inequality reside in abject poverty, discrimination, social and ethnic prejudice, lack of opportunity and unequal treatment of communities.

            At the international stage, massive resources have been allocated through charity organizations and global platforms led by the United Nations Organization (UN) to eradicate poverty and bring about development. Under the auspices of the United Nations and other development institutions like the World Banks and the International Monetary Fund (IMF), large funds directed at attaining Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) at the global level have yielded astounding results of lowering inequality (Le Blanc, 2015). Globalization means a process of attaining increased international collaboration and interaction, which has made it possible for developing nations to enjoy market opportunities at the global scale under the framework of the World Trade Organization (WTO). Regional trading blocs and special arrangements for industrial and market access treaties have led to the liberalization of trade and alleviation of embargoes, trade restrictions, and tariffs that perpetuated inequality (Kennedy, Welch & Monshipouri, 2017). 

            Political goodwill and better trade collaborations among nations and within regional blocs are useful initiatives in alleviating inequality between states and even between households. The government plays an instrumental role in the fight against inequality by ensuring that there exist appropriate policies to facilitate appropriate distribution of national resources. Nonetheless, in democracies, the political leadership is elected on the basis of the ‘majority rules’ principle, which in most cases is implemented on the racial or tribal level, hence indicating that highly populated tribes or races determines the government of the day. On the other hand racially elected politicians more than often distribute resources, as well as formulate and implement policies along the racial lines to reward political loyalty. In this regard, a race-based inequality with defined rich and poor races emerges, hence creating a social separation on the similar line as well. Furthermore, distinct grouping created by the inequality can become prejudicial against each other. For instance, the rich can view the poor races as lazy, while the poor –minority perceive the rich-majority ass discriminative. Therefore, because political power plays a central role in such systems, races enter into competition with each to either acquire or retain an upper-hand on the race, hence creating a cycle of escalating racial inequality.

            The political leadership must possess the goodwill to break the racial competition, by ensuring equal distribution of resources, hence eliminate the existing racial separation, as well as the race-based prejudices, which immensely contribute racial inequalities. Investment stimulation and entrepreneurship must be encouraged to generate wealth, which helps reduce poverty and deprivation that perpetuate unequal income distribution, by creating socially unequal races, with strong negative prejudices against each other. By improving the productive capacity of the poor masses through improving their access to education and promoting healthcare provision, hence reducing the social gap between the rich and the poor, huge strides can be attained in the fight against inequality. For instance, education enables people to understand their conditions and improve their lot not only by accessing better-paying jobs, but it also enhances making and choosing of rational and critically sound decisions and choices, respectively, about welfare. At the governance level, devolved government units can make local people access government services better and make governance function better because they are closer to the people, hence improving resource distribution. Such initiatives must be promoted at a local and global level, while politically advocating for tolerance on matters regarding diversity and multiculturalism to alleviate prejudices and unfounded racial discrimination.

            By depending on research particularly in agricultural production and massive infrastructure development, millions of the world’s poor can become food secure, and that way have better health and progressive societies. International stewardship against ethnic violence and terrorism should also go hand in hand with development efforts to avert negative trends of radical nationalism, hence eliminating or reducing interracial and international aggressiveness. Moreover, governments should uphold effective programs directed at minorities and disadvantaged groups like the disabled persons, women, and children to ensure they have better chances to a productive future. Scientific innovation and investment in green energy and sustainable development efforts can gradually make people happier and improve the welfare of different categories of people within less developed nations, because their accrued wastage reduction and resource increment. Additional resources realized from increased production and reduced wastage can then be channeled to racial equality initiatives. For instance, better social welfare programs can improve better access to medical care and social amenities particularly for the old and the sick, hence reduce discrimination of such groups. Through the cumulative efforts of civil society players, non-governmental organizations, peace ambassadors and political leaders, better and safer societies can be built that are inclusive and equal (Chancel, Hough & Voituriez, 2017). In essence, better welfare for everyone promises a gradual alleviation of inequality as a social ill.  

            In conclusion, a multi-stakeholder approach, and inter-organizational and inter-governmental collaboration are necessary for the fight against inequality.  Inequality narrowly defined on income level or racial level may never be addressed because its effect on the global economy does not affect a single race or a single tribe or ethnic identity. While inequality is mostly a perception and a political sentiment, real development disparities mean grave consequences for the human race.  Inequality is the basis for wars and radical nationalism and fascism that threatened to tear the world apart in the early 20th century. The very wealthy 1% need to bear the responsibility to apportion their resources in the promotion of welfare and development in developing countries. Better governance and respect for human rights and dignity as well as gender mainstreaming are positive efforts of eradicating inequality. Moreover, open borders that encourage international immigration and collaboration will do more in fostering global humanity that is progressive, productive, and secure.     

 References

Chancel, L., Hough, A., & Voituriez, T. (2017). Reducing inequalities within countries:     converting the global debate into action. Institut du développement durable et des relations internationals, IDDRI Studies, 1, 2017.

Diaz-Bazan, T. (2015). Measuring inequality from top to bottom. The World Bank.             Washington. D.C.

Kennedy, E. T., Welch, C. E., & Monshipouri, M. (2017). Multinational corporations and the        ethics of global responsibility: Problems and possibilities. In Human Rights and       Corporations (pp. 123-147). Routledge.

Le Blanc, D. (2015). Towards integration at last? The sustainable development goals as a network of targets. Sustainable Development, 23(3), 176-187.

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