Baker, J. S., et al. “Strength and body composition changes in recreationally strength-trained individuals: comparison of one versus three sets resistance-training programmes.” BioMed research international 2013 (2013).
This is a research paper documenting the findings of a study conducted to verify the impacts of increasing the volume of weight training from single to three sets on muscular strength and body composition. Clearly, the study identifies an area of conflict, which involves the benefits of increasing the volume weight in training with regard to body composition and strength. However, the scope of the study seems inadequate or shallow because it fails to capture critical elements of weight training. For instance, the study squarely focuses on the impacts of volume to body composition and strength but does not include other controversial areas of weight training, such as the impacts of increasing the training intensity, using varying volume or the appropriate balance between the two aspects of training, on the trainer. Therefore, this study compromises the fundamental principle of generality hence is inappropriate to satisfactorily inform the entire spectrum of weight training.
The fact that intensity and volume are inversely proportional leads to a wide range of unanswered questions especially regarding the effects of increasing volume or intensity on body strength and composition, as well as the best correct combination between the two. However, the issue of definitions in this subject generates immense controversy such that a myriad of studies in this area have undertook varying focuses hence led to a wide range of inferences, which cannot properly respond to the demands of weight training field. Thus, the narrow scope adopted in the study can be justified by the increased amount of controversy in the area of weight training.
Notably, the study excellently responds to the identified research gap, however much narrow, by concluding that increasing volume does not have tangible benefits to body strength and composition. In addition, the paper apparently articulates the procedure, and elements, as well as assumptions used to facilitate the study, which enhance a logical flow of the study. For instance, the article includes the sample sizes and categories utilized, and a detailed justification of their inclusion in the study. Therefore, the findings and conclusions can be utilized, with extreme caution, in the area regarding volume in weight training and its impacts on strength and composition.